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Short-Field and Soft/Rough-Field Takeoff And Landing, Turbulent Air Landing

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Some time in training is to be dedicated to takeoff and landing procedures specific to certain conditions related to the terrain, and also the air status. That tutorial thus is about short or soft/rough-field takeoffs and landings, with some details too about turbulent air landing. The exercises should consist into taking off and landing like described as, in most of flying club vicinity, your instructor likely will know some short, or soft/rough surface fields where he will take you for practice, as turbulences may be the occasion of demonstrating the turbulent air landing

Short-Field Takeoff and Landing

A 'short field' points to a terrain at which the available distance to takeoff or land is short, or a terrain where obstructions exist for both takeoff or landing. You will note that the Pilot's Operating Handbook (POH) for your airplane may have to be followed in terms of what it prescribes about the power setting, flap setting, airspeed, and procedures concerned with our subject

illustration for the tutorial Short-Field and Soft/Rough-Field Takeoff And Landing, Turbulent Air Landing: a GA plane performing a short-field landing
a GA plane performing a short-field landing (non-clickable illustration)
Soft/Rough-Field Takeoff and Landing

'Soft,' or 'rough field' hints to a terrain the surface of which is uneven for cause of too much softness (like with mud, sand, snow and the like) or of too much roughness (mostly like with grass-eroded grass terrain). Both such qualities of surface lead either to produce drag at takeoff and braking at landing, or a danger to the landing gear, respectively

The Case of Turbulent Air Approach and Landing

In case of turbulent air during a approach and landing, a speed slightly above the normal approach speed should be applied. That allows for a more controllable plane during wind gusts or up and down drafts. Also a minimum flare should be performed when the touchdown occurs to land the earlier possible, which can be controlled by setting less than full flaps (and thus having a higher pitch) and levelling the plane during flare and with the touchdown in the same attitude instead of pitching the plane. A counseled airspeed for a turbulent air landing may be the normal approach speed plus a half of the wind gusts factors. For a Cessna 172SP, for example, should wind gusts reach about 15 kts, the landing speed should be of 75 + 7, or 82 kts. There also the settings should be conform to the airplane's handbook. In such conditions retarding the throttle may occur only once the wheels touch down. Brakes should be applied smoothly as no forward pressure applied unto the nosewheel

Website Manager: G. Guichard, site Lessons In Microsoft Flight Simulator / Leçons de vol pour les Flight Simulator de Microsoft, Page Editor: G. Guichard. last edited: 5/27/2013. contact us at
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