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VFR Rules

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For a exposition of this point, we'll base that tutorial upon the U.S. rules concerning the airspace. The U.S. reglementation is basically based unto the distinction made between the airspace lying over 18,000 ft, and the airspace lying below. The following tutorial may easily be extrapolated to the airspaces of other countries. Generally, as far as the VFR, and IFR rules, more detailed views are given in the tutorials dedicated to such subjects like the navigation under those conditions

A VFR (VFR stands for 'Visual Flight Rules') flight is a flight performed under such weather conditions that the pilot of the plane can keep the visual contact with the ground. Pilots holding the PPL are authorized to such flight only! When flying VFR, inside the controled airspace included, it is not necessary to enter in contact with the aerial controllers. In the USA, for example, the controled airspace is beginning at 1,200 ft/AGL. A pilot, beyond that limit, may usefully tune his radio to the frequency of the aerial control which has authority on the area where he is flying, as, without himself communicating with the controllers, he will be able to listen to the radio-communications of the other planes in the area, thus increasing his situational awareness. When the pilot has filed a flight plan -which is not mandatory in VFR conditions- he will mandatorily have to contact the aerial controllers all along his route. One may fly a VFR flight until the limit of the 18,000 ft. Any flight beyond has to be obligatorily flewn in IFR conditions. A IFR flight is a instrument flight only as the pilot does not use any landmark on the ground only. One may make a difference between the low altitude VFR flight, and the high altitude VFR one, or 'low VFR' and 'high VFR'. A low VFR flight mostly is performed by the basic GA planes, like a Cessna 172SP. A high VFR flight mostly concerns the more advanced GA planes, like a Baron 58, or some commercial planes which may choose to fly VFR, under 18,000 ft

As far numbers, data or rules useful to privale pilot flying VFR are concerned, here are some

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